Aristolochia macrophylla Lam.
Pipevine, Dutchman's pipe
Aristolochiaceae (Birthwort Family)
Synonym(s): Aristolochia durior, Isotrema macrophyllum
USDA Symbol: arma7
Pipevine or Dutchman’s pipe is a picturesque, deciduous vine, climbing 20-35 ft. by means of twining stems. Fast-growing, green stems bear large (12 in.), heart-shaped leaves, dark-green above and pale-gray beneath. Flower occur singly or 2-3 per cluster and are pipe-shaped, mottled green and burgundy, with yellow tubes. Cylindrical, cucumber-like capsules, 3-4 in. long, stay green most of the summer eventually ripening to gray or black.
A characteristic plant of the southern Appalachian hardwood forests, Dutchmans Pipe is often cultivated outside its native range. Flowers of this genus were once used as an aid in childbirth, since they were thought to resemble a human fetus. The similar Woolly Dutchmans-Pipe (A. tomentosa) has a bractless flower stalk, a yellowish calyx that is purple around the opening, and downy and whitish leaf undersurfaces.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Root Type: Tap
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Reniform
Leaf Venation: Palmate
Leaf Pubescence: Puberulent
Leaf Margin: Entire
Leaf Apex: Obtuse
Leaf Base: Cordate
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Size Notes: Climber
Leaf: Green above
Autumn Foliage: yes
Fruit: Green, Brown 4-10 cm
Size Class: 12-36 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green , Purple , Brown
Bloom Time: May , Jun
DistributionUSA: AL , CT , GA , KY , MA , MD , MI , NC , NJ , NY , PA , SC , TN , VA , VT , WV
Native Distribution: S.w. PA, s. in the uplands to GA & AL; naturalized north and eastward
Native Habitat: Rich woods; stream banks
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Organic, well-drained soils.
Conditions Comments: If a screen is desired, plant 1-2 ft. apart and provide support. Pinch growing tips to encourage branching. Prune as needed when dormant. Disease and insect free.
Larval Host: Pipevine swallowtail.
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)Aristolochia macrophylla is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Pipevine Swallowtail |
Learn more at BAMONA
PropagationDescription: Increase by layering, division, July cuttings, or by seed sown outdoor in fall.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: If seeds are not sown in fall, they should be stratified for 3 months at 40 degrees.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Suppliers DirectoryAccording to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Edge of the Woods Native Plant Nursery - Orefield, PA
Enchanter's Garden - Hinton, WV
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
Natural Biodiversity - Johnstown, PA
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Aristolochia macrophylla in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Aristolochia macrophylla in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Aristolochia macrophylla
MetadataRecord Modified: 2013-09-23
Research By: TWC Staff