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Arbutus arizonica (Gray) Sarg.
Synonyms: Arbutus xalapensis arizonica
USDA Symbol: arar2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Arizona madrone is a handsome evergreen tree to 45 ft. with smooth, pinkish-brown bark; glossy leaves; small, white, bell-shaped flowers; and small, orange-red berries.
Arbutus is the classical Latin name of Strawberry-tree (Arbutus unedo L.), a related species of southern Europe. Madrono, the Spanish name of that tree, was applied to similar trees of Mexico and California by the early Spanish padres.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Root Type: Tap Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Shape: Ovate Leaf Venation: Pinnate Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous Leaf Apex: Acute Breeding System:
Flowers Bisexual Leaf:
Shiny green Flower:
Flowers 1/4 inch
Orange-red. 1/4 in. Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug
AZ , NM Native Distribution:
Mts. of s.e. AZ, s.w. NM & n.w. Mex. Native Habitat:
High altitude, oak woodlands USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: Slow-growing.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Rarely browsed, except by goats and mule deer. Birds like the fruit.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Tohono Chul Park, Inc.
- Tucson, AZ
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff