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Bruso, George H.
Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fernald
USDA Symbol: ambr2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
A twining vine with 2 kinds of flowers. Flowers: Those on upper branches 1/2 (1.5 cm) long, pale purple, pale pink, or lilac, in clusters hanging from leaf axils; those on lower or creeping branches inconspicuous, lacking petals.
The genus name is from the Greek amphi (of both kinds) and carpos (fruit) and refers to the two kinds of fruit. The seeds of the upper fruit are inedible, but those from the underground fruit are edible when boiled. Birds feed on the seeds of both kinds of fruit. Hogs eat the seeds of the fruit below ground, hence the plants common name.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual Habit: Vine Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Time: Aug , Sep
, WV Canada: NB
, NS Native Distribution:
Manitoba east to Nova Scotia, south to Florida, west to Texas, and north to North Dakota and Montana. Native Habitat:
Larval Host: Silver-spotted Skipper (Epargyreus clarus), Northern Cloudywing (Thorybes pylades)
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
- Johnstown, PA
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff