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Ampelopsis arborea (L.) Koehne
Synonym(s): Ampelopsis bipinnata
USDA Symbol: amar5
A deciduous to semi-evergreen vine that can be ground cover-like, but is often high-climbing and bushy. Grows 35 ft. or more. Foliage is bi- or tri-pinnately compound and dark-green, turning pale-yellow in fall. Leaves up to 6 inches or more long and equally wide, with a central axis and 1 to 3 pairs of lateral axes supporting leaflets. Leaflets roughly ovate, coarsely toothed, dark green on the upper surface, lighter on the lower. Flat-topped clusters of tiny, green flowers are followed by clusters of pea-sized, bluish-purple berries. Fruit fleshy, up to 5/8 inch in diameter, black and shiny when ripe, inedible.
Fast-growing and short-lived. The species is particularly aggressive and rampant, considered by many to be a pest. It is seldom cultivated.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Vine Leaf Retention: Deciduous Size Notes:
30-40 feet tall. Leaf:
Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May
, WV Native Distribution: FL
to e. TX,
n. to MD
& e. OK; also Miss. R. valley to s. IL
& MO Native Habitat:
Swamps; marshes; alluvial woods; stream banks
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Medium Light Requirement:
Sun , Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist Soil pH:
Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2) CaCO3 Tolerance:
Low Soil Description:
Quite variable. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay Conditions Comments:
It is deciduous
to semi-evergreen vine
that can be ground cover-like, but is often high-climbing and bushy. Foliage is dark-green, turning pale-yellow in fall. Flat-topped lusters of tiny, green flowers are followed by clusters of pea-sized, bluish-purple berries. It is fast-growing and short lived. Caution: This species is aggressive and rampant, and considered by many to be a pest.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Attractive, Fruits ornamental, Fast growing
Use Wildlife: Attracts songbirds and gamebirds. Browse, Fruit-birds, Fruit-mammals
Interesting Foliage: yes
PropagationDescription: Propagate by seed sown in early spring, hardwood cuttings taken in early spring, or layering of runners.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0967
Collected Oct 5, 1994 in Bexar County by Harry CliffeNPSOT 1103
Collected May 5, 1991 in Bexar County by Harold C. WalkerNPSOT 0935
Collected Aug 5, 1994 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-MM-791
Collected 2010-07-02 in Hays County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Record Last Modified: 2007-09-06
Research By: NPC