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Marcus, Joseph A.
Aloysia gratissima (Gillies & Hook.) Troncoso
Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet lippia
USDA Symbol: algr2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A fragrant, slender, erect shrub to 10 ft. with squarish stems, generally light gray bark, and branches sometimes bearing sharp tips. Leaves up to 1 inch long by 5/16 inch wide but often smaller, usually in clusters along the stems. Flowers small, white, crowded on spikes up to 3 inches long and extending above the leaves, appearing from March to November.
As the name beebush suggests, this is a honey plant. It also provides browse for wildlife.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Retention: Deciduous Size Notes:
8-10 feet. Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov
AZ , NM , TX Native Distribution:
S. & w. TX & NM, s. to Mex. Native Habitat:
Rocky outcrops; desert grasslands; bluffs; open woods USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Medium Light Requirement:
Sun , Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist Cold Tolerant:
Moist, rocky soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Caliche type, Limestone-based Conditions Comments:
During warm months after rains this shrub
produces showers of strongly vanilla-scented flowers. Bees love it. This plant can be pruned into a hedge or a small tree. Can form a thicket of stems from the base. Good background or screen plant for poor soils. Blooms best in full sun. Can be cut back to promote flowering and bushier growth.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Easily transplanted, Blooms ornamental, Showy, Hedges, Screens
Use Wildlife: Honey plant. Also provides browse for wildlife. Nectar-insects, Fruit-birds, Cover, Nesting site
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: High
Softwood Cuttings Description:
The most reliable method of propagating is from softwood tip cuttings, slightly woody at the base, taken in spring or early summer. Take the bottom cut just before a node. Untreated seeds held over winter and planted in the spring will germinate. Seed Collection:
Collect seeds in late summer when beginning to dry. Fruit
may be slightly crushed and seeds removed by hand. Air-dry before storing in a cool, dry place. Seed Treatment:
Not Available Commercially Avail:
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
- Briggs, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0032
Collected Sept. 20, 1990 in Bexar County by Judith C. Berry
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Record Modified: 2009-08-28
Research By: TWC Staff, MWJ