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Acer nigrum Michx. f.
Synonym(s): Acer nigrum var. palmeri, Acer saccharum ssp. nigrum, Acer saccharum var. nigrum, Acer saccharum var. viride, Saccharodendron nigrum
USDA Symbol: acni5
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
A tree 75-120 ft. tall with a straight central trunk in the forest and a widely spreading branch system in the open. Very similar in all characteristics to sugar maple. Yellow to orange-red fall foliage.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Arrangement: Opposite Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Venation: Palmate Leaf Pubescence:
Tomentose Leaf Margin:
Lobed Size Notes:
Medium to tall tree,
up to 100ft. Leaf:
Green Autumn Foliage:
Flowers small Fruit:
Green, Brown Two-winged horseshoe-shaped samaras about 1in long, appearing in clusters. Size Class:
More than 100 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May
Bloom Notes: Flowers appear with the leaves.
, WV Canada: NS
, QC Native Distribution: NH
to s. Ont., MI
& s.e. MN,
s. to n.e. NJ, PA, MO
& extreme n. AR; also NC
mts. Native Habitat:
Bottomlands; drier, calcareous sites; woods
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Dry to moist, often calcareous soils.
Propagation is possible by seed. Not considered easy to root from cuttings. Seed Collection:
The winged fruit
of maples is called a samara. Seed is usually not extracted from the samara. Seed Treatment:
Cold stratify in a moist sand or peat/perlite mixture for 60-90 days. Commercially Avail:
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
- Johnstown, PAMt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2014-03-26
Research By: TWC Staff