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Acer circinatum Pursh
Oregon vine maple, Vine maple
USDA Symbol: acci
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Shrub or small tree with short trunk or several branches turning and twisting from base; often vinelike and leaning or sprawling. Vine maple or Oregon vine maple is often vine-like and reclining, commonly grown as a multi-stemmed tree, 10-20 ft. tall. The trunks have bright, reddish-green bark, topped with foliage displayed in an elegant, tiered pattern. The deciduous leaves are almost round in general outline with 7-9 palmate lobes. Fall foliage is ranges from yellow-orange to red. This handsome ornamental is dramatically colored in most seasons with bright green foliage turning orange and red in autumn, purple and white flowers in spring, and young red fruit in summer. The scientific name, meaning rounded or circular, refers to the leaf shape.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub
, Tree Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Arrangement: Opposite Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Shape: Cordate Leaf Venation: Palmate Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous Leaf Margin:
Lobed Breeding System:
, Monoecious Inflorescence: Corymb Size Notes:
Height 25-30 feet, can reach 40 ft or larger, spread 25-35 feet. Multiple stems. Leaf:
Reddish when immature, dull green on top, pale green below when mature, red and orange in the Fall. Autumn Foliage:
Bright red when mature. 1-2 inches long. Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color:
White , Red , Green , Purple Bloom Time:
Mar , Apr , May Bloom Notes:
Reddish or purple sepals
and greenish-white petals. Monoecious; flowers are small and borne in short terminal clusters.
AK , CA , OR , WA Canada: BC Native Distribution:
B.C. to coastal n. CA; more common w. of Cascades Native Habitat:
Moist woods; stream banks USDA Native Status: L48(N),
AK (N?), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: None
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Moist soils.
Conditions Comments: This plant will tolerate drier situations. It often propagates vegetatively by layering and sometimes forms dense thickets.
The seeds of this and other maples are consumed by songbirds, game birds, and large and small mammals. Use Other:
Coast Salish people have used the vine
maple for frames for fishing nets, and the lower Thompson peopled have used it for making snowshoes and cradle frames. Coastal Aboriginal peoples have boiled the bark
of the roots to make a tea for colds. Conspicuous Flowers:
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Seeds , Softwood Cuttings Description: Vine
maple can be grown from seeds or from well-rooted, layered branches. Seeds should be sown soon after harvest. Seed Collection:
The winged fruit
of maples is called a samara. Seed is usually not extracted from the samara. Samaras are reddish when mature. Seed Treatment:
Best results from seeds are obtained by alternating warm & cold stratification. Commercially Avail:
Pruning is required to control and shape.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CANative Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff