Acacia berlandieri Benth.
Guajillo, Berlandier acacia, Thornless Catclaw, Mimosa Catclaw, Round-flowered Catclaw, Huajillla, Matoral
Fabaceae (Pea Family)
Synonym(s): Acacia emoryana
USDA Symbol: acbe
Acacia berlandieri is a spreading shrub with many stems from the base, growing 3–15 feet tall. The white-to-cream-colored flowers (yellowing with age), grow in ball-like clusters, 5/8 inch or more in diameter, and are quite fragrant. They have 50–100 or more stamens, but no petals. The pinnately compound leaves are delicate, almost fernlike, 4–6 inches long with 5–9 (sometimes up to 18) pairs of leaflets, and these leaflets are again divided into 30–50 leaflets. The flower is a source of heavy, light-colored honey, rated by many as the best in the state. The seed pods are 3–5 inches long and 1 inch or more wide.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Root Type: Tap
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Bipinnate
Leaf Shape: Elliptic
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Size Notes: 3-15 feet.
Flower: Flowers in 1/2 inch globes
Fruit: Brown 3-5 in.
Size Class: 6-12 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr
Native Distribution: Southern part of Edwards Plateau in Texas south through northeastern Mexico to Hidalgo
Native Habitat: Hillsides, Slopes
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Gravelly, Caliche type, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Limestone-based
Conditions Comments: Acacia berlandieri is a spreading shrub with many stems from the base. The white-to-cream-colored flowers (yellowing with age), grow in ball-like clusters and are quite fragrant. The pinnately compound leaves are delicate, almost fernlike. The flower is a source of heavy, light-colored honey, rated by many as the best in the state.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Showy, Aromatic, Attractive, Blooms ornamental
Use Wildlife: Nectar-bees, Nectar-insects, Fruit-birds, Fruit-mammals, Fruit-rodents, Cover.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds , Butterflies
Larval Host: Long-tailed skipper, Reickers blue
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)Acacia berlandieri is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Long-tailed Skipper |
Learn more at BAMONA
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Native plants for butterfly garden in Waco, TX
February 03, 2008
Few weeks ago I sent you a letter but never got an answer back. I would like to have your suggestions of native plants for a butterfly garden (30'x 30') here in Waco. The plants must be (1)drought ...
view the full question and answer
From the National Suppliers DirectoryAccording to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Hill Country Natives - Leander, TX
Far South Wholesale Nursery - Austin, TX
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
National Butterfly Center - Mission, TX
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1047 Collected 2007-06-15 in Starr County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
Bibref 297 - Trees of Central Texas (1984) Vines, Robert A.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 1 - Benny Simpson's Texas Native Shrubs (2002) Texas A&M University Agriculture Program and Leslie Finical, Dallas Arboretum
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Acacia berlandieri in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Acacia berlandieri in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Acacia berlandieri
MetadataRecord Modified: 2013-12-15
Research By: TWC Staff