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Zostera marina L.
Synonym(s): Zostera marina var. latifolia, Zostera marina var. stenophylla, Zostera pacifica
USDA Symbol: ZOMA
This grasslike marine herb is a seed plant, its leaves stream with the current.
Neither a seaweed nor an algae, Eelgrass is a true seed plant that has evolved an ability to live in saline waters. Currents distribute both pollen and the small fruit; propagation also occurs by means of rhizomes underneath the mud or sand. Unlike marine algae, it offers no resistance to attaching organisms, so the outer half of each blade usually is coated with a wide variety of very small marine plants and animals. Eelgrass beds are havens for scallops, crabs, and many fishes.
Bloom InformationBloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
, WA Canada: NB
, PE Native Distribution:
Greenland to Florida. Native Habitat:
Shallow bays and coves, tidal creeks, estuaries.
Growing ConditionsAquatic: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff