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Zanthoxylum fagara (Lime prickly ash) | NPIN
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Zanthoxylum fagara (Lime prickly ash)
Leander, Bruce

Zanthoxylum fagara

Lime prickly ash, Colima

Rutaceae (Rue Family)

USDA Symbol: ZAFA

USDA Native Status:

Evergreen shrub or small tree with spreading rounded crown, often with a leaning trunk; aromatic, spiny, with tiny gland-dots on foliage, flowers, and fruit.

The powdered bark and leaves have a sharp taste and have been used also as a spice. The crushed foliage has an odor of limes, as the common names suggest.

 

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Flower:
Fruit: Brown
Size Class: 12-36 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun

Distribution

USA: FL , TX
Native Distribution: Central and S. Florida, Florida Keys, and S. Texas; also N. Mexico; to 500 (152 m).
Native Habitat: Chaparral & brush country

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay

Benefit

Use Ornamental: Aromatic, Fruits ornamental
Use Wildlife: Browse, Nectar-insects, Cover, Nesting site, Fruit-birds
Use Food: The fruit is edible, with a lemon zest taste that first tingles, then numbs in the mouth, like the Chinese culinary ingredient, Szechuan pepper, also a Zanthoxylum species. Dried, ground leaves are sometimes used as a spice and have a similar taste and effect.
Use Medicinal: All visible plant parts have the ability to numb the mouth in high amounts, and in small amounts cause a refreshing tingling, which has led to this Zanthoxylum species being a common ingredient in natural toothpastes and tooth powders, usually identified as Prickly Ash. It is also used to numb mouth pain, with the bark being most commonly employed.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Zanthoxylum fagara is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Northern Sicklewing
(Eantis tamenund)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

From the National Suppliers Directory

According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:

Sanibel-Captiva Conservation Foundation Native Plant Nursery - Sanibel, FL

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
National Butterfly Center - Mission, TX

Wildflower Center Seed Bank

LBJWC-1060 Collected 2007-07-09 in Cameron County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

1 collection(s) available in the Wildflower Center Seed Bank

Bibliography

Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Recommended Species Lists

Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.

View Recommended Species page

Additional resources

USDA: Find Zanthoxylum fagara in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Zanthoxylum fagara in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zanthoxylum fagara

Metadata

Record Modified: 2010-04-19
Research By: TWC Staff

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