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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Viola walteri House
Walter's violet, Prostrate blue violet
USDA Symbol: VIWA
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
This subtly attractive violet of deciduous, eastern woodlands colonizes by both rhizomes and above-ground runners, but only with adequate moisture. In drier soils, it will remain widely spaced. In the wild, it is found in moist, deciduous woods along with Mayapple (Podophyllum peltatum), trilliums, and Partridgeberry (Mitchella repens).
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Retention: Evergreen Leaf Complexity: Simple Size Notes:
Up to 6 inches high Leaf:
Light green Flower: Flower
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar
, VA Native Distribution:
Ohio south to the Gulf Native Habitat:
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Medium Light Requirement:
Part Shade , Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist Soil Description:
Moist, well-drained, acid or slightly alkaline sands and loams Conditions Comments:
Must have moisture to colonize densely, but also requires good drainage. Will be more widely spaced in drier soils. Naturally grows in deciduous
forests, not pine forests.
An attractive violet for moist, deciduous
woodlands and small shade gardens Conspicuous Flowers:
PropagationPropagation Material: Root Division , Seeds
Maintenance: Water for a more solid cover.
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2010-12-05
Research By: TWC Staff