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Viola vallicola var. vallicola
Viola vallicola A. Nelson var. vallicola
Sagebrush violet, Yellow violet
Synonym(s): Viola nuttallii ssp. vallicola, Viola nuttallii var. vallicola, Viola russellii
USDA Symbol: VIVAV
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Broadly lance-shaped, basal leaves surround the short, leafless, flowering stems of this 6-8 in violet. Flowers occur singly and are bicolored. The upper two petals are yellow backed with brown while the lower three petals are yellow streaked with brownish-purple.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul
, WY Canada: AB Native Distribution:
B.C. to OR,
e. of the Cascades to the Rocky Mts. Native Habitat:
Sagebrush & sagebrush/ponderosa pine benchlands
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Description: Drier, well-drained soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
PropagationDescription: Propagate from seed or divide mature plants in spring or fall.
Seed Collection: Seed is difficult to collect due to active dispersal.
Seed Treatment: Germination is enhanced with stratification.
Commercially Avail: yes
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff