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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Viola pubescens Aiton
Downy yellow violet
USDA Symbol: VIPU3
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
This is a softly hairy violet, 9-12 in. tall. The bright yellow flowers, veined with purple toward the throat, grow on leafy stems above sturdy green foliage.
Among the numerous yellow violets, the hairy nature of this species is usually distinctive. However, one variety of this species, Smooth Yellow Violet (V. pubescens var. pubescens), has non-hairy foliage, including 1-3 heart-shaped basal leaves. Full species of yellow violet that are both stemmed and non-hairy include the Three-part-leaved Violet (V. tripartita), a southern and western species with 3-lobed leaves, and the Prairie Yellow Violet (V. nuttallii), with lanceolate leaves. Our only stemless yellow Violet (with flowers and leaves on separate stalks) is the Round-leaved Yellow Violet (V. rotundifolia), with a small flower and roundish basal leaves.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf:
Dark Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Orange , Yellow
Bloom Time: May , Jun
, WY Canada: MB
, QC Native Distribution:
N.S. to SD,
s. to VA
& OK Native Habitat:
Rich, dry woods; alluvial woods
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Rich, dry soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitUse Food: Flowers edible.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: This violet can be propagated by seed. If seeds are sown in flats, do not disturb the seedlings until the second year.
Seed Collection: Use wire cages over plants to deter chipmunks, if you want to collect seeds. Watch the seed pods closely and pick them just as they are about to turn tan. Drop them into a glass jar with a piece of tissue to keep them from molding.
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Ground cover for trails in Northeast Texas
January 09, 2008
I have several acres of wooded land in Northeast Texas, Southern Lamar County. Both sandy and black land. I have created trails through the woods and would like to plant a native ground cover or gras...
view the full question and answer
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
American Native Nursery
- Quakertown, PA
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Mt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2010-05-08
Research By: TWC Staff