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Viola pedatifida G. Don
Crow-foot violet, Prairie violet
Synonym(s): Viola palmata var. pedatifida
USDA Symbol: VIPE2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
A 4-8 in. violet with deeply lobed leaves and pale purple flowers. Bilaterally symmetrical, blue-violet flowers facing outward and hanging atop leafless stalks barely taller than tufted leaves.
The deep blue-violet flowers and divided leaves resemble those of larkspurs (Delphinium), hence the common name.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
, WY Canada: MB Native Distribution: PA
to Alt., s. to AR, OK, NM
& AZ Native Habitat:
Prairies; dry openings
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Mesic to dry soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
PropagationDescription: Stratified seed planted in fall
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Cold, moist stratification for 2 months
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff