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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Viola ×palmata L. (pro sp.)
Early blue violet, Trilobed violet
Synonym(s): Viola falcata, Viola palmata, Viola stoneana
USDA Symbol: VIPA18
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
This plant has leaves broader than they are long, with 3–7 lobes, the middle lobe much broader than the others. Flowers are up to 1 1/2 inches across. The 5 violet-purple petals have darker streakings.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
, WV Native Distribution:
to s. Ont. & MN,
s. to FL
& MS Native Habitat:
Rich, open deciduous
woods; shaded, limestone ledges
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Mesic to somewhat dry soils.
Conditions Comments: These violets benefit from a winter mulch in cold climates.
PropagationDescription: Divide the clumps in spring or fall. Can also be propagated by seed.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Cold-moist stratify for 10 days.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
American Native Nursery
- Quakertown, PA
Record Last Modified: 2007-10-28
Research By: TWC Staff