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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Verbena macdougalii A. Heller
Hillside verbena, MacDougal verbena
USDA Symbol: VEMA
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Harshly hairy plant with 4-sided stems, and thick, dense, long, erect spikes each with a ring of small, lavender to blue-violet bilaterally symmetrical flowers at one level. This species resembles members of the mint family, but lacks the aromatic odor. There are several species of tall Verbena, with thick or slender spikes of flowers, that are usually not easy to distinguish from one another. New Mexico Vervain has relatively thick spikes; it is common in the southern Rocky Mountain region.
This species is a member of the verbena family (family Verbenaceae), which includes about 75 genera and 3,000 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees, mostly of tropical and warm temperate regions. Among them, teak is a highly prized furniture wood, and Vervain, Lantana, Lippia or Frog Fruit, and Chase Tree or Vitex are grown as ornamentals.
Bloom InformationBloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
, WY Native Distribution:
Southern Wyoming to Arizona, New Mexico, and western Texas. Native Habitat:
Valleys and open flats at moderate or high elevations.
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| FACU || FAC || UPL |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff