Verbena macdougalii A. Heller
Hillside verbena, MacDougal verbena
Verbenaceae (Verbena Family)
USDA Symbol: VEMA
Harshly hairy plant with 4-sided stems, and thick, dense, long, erect spikes each with a ring of small, lavender to blue-violet bilaterally symmetrical flowers at one level. This species resembles members of the mint family, but lacks the aromatic odor. There are several species of tall Verbena, with thick or slender spikes of flowers, that are usually not easy to distinguish from one another. New Mexico Vervain has relatively thick spikes; it is common in the southern Rocky Mountain region.
This species is a member of the verbena family (family Verbenaceae), which includes about 75 genera and 3,000 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees, mostly of tropical and warm temperate regions. Among them, teak is a highly prized furniture wood, and Vervain, Lantana, Lippia or Frog Fruit, and Chase Tree or Vitex are grown as ornamentals.
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Bloom InformationBloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AZ , CO , NM , TX , UT , WY
Native Distribution: Southern Wyoming to Arizona, New Mexico, and western Texas.
Native Habitat: Valleys and open flats at moderate or high elevations.
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
National Wetland Indicator Status
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Verbena macdougalii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Verbena macdougalii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Verbena macdougalii
MetadataRecord Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff