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Valeriana sitchensis (Mountain helioptrope) | NPIN

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Valeriana sitchensis (Mountain helioptrope)
Loughmiller, Campbell and Lynn

Valeriana sitchensis

Valeriana sitchensis Bong.

Mountain helioptrope, Sitka valerian

Valerianaceae (Valerian Family)

Synonym(s): Valeriana sitchensis ssp. sitchensis, Valeriana sitchensis var. hookeri


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)

A conspicuous, stately perennial with a 2-3 ft. stalk bearing opposite leaves with coarsely toothed leaflets, and a rounded clusters of small, tubular, aromatic flowers. The flowers are generally white but may have a pinkish tinge. Stamens protrude conspicuously. In fruit, each flower is transformed into a tiny, plumed parachute.

In subalpine meadows where the protection of trees and other taller vegetation is lacking, Sitka Valerian may be only 6-10 in. tall.


Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: AK , CA , ID , MT , OR , WA
Canada: AB , BC , ON
Native Distribution: S. Yukon & s. AK, s. to w. MT, c. ID & n. CA; absent from Coast Ranges of OR & lowands of the Puget trough
Native Habitat: Wet meadows & moist, open woods at mid- to high elevations

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist soils.
Conditions Comments: In subalpine meadows where the protection of tree and other taller vegetation is lacking, Sitka valerian may be only 6-10 in. tall.


Description: Can be grown from seeds or pieces of rhizome.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes

Find Seed or Plants

View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.

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Additional resources

USDA: Find Valeriana sitchensis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Valeriana sitchensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Valeriana sitchensis


Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff

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