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Vaccinium ovatum Pursh
California huckleberry, Evergreen blueberry, Evergreen huckleberry
Synonym(s): Vaccinium ovatum var. saporosum
USDA Symbol: VAOV2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Evergreen blueberry is an elegant, much-branched, evergreen shrub, 2-6 ft. tall, with a neat habit and attractive leaves. The leathery leaves are oval and shiny above, paler beneath. Axillary racemes of pink, bell-shaped flowers are followed by dark, edible berries. New growth in the spring is coppery red.
Birds and mammals eat the berries, which resemble blueberries.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Black, Purple Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
, WA Canada: BC Native Distribution:
W. of the Cascades from s.w. B.C. to n. CA
& sporadic southward Native Habitat:
Dry, shaded slopes; moister, woodland edges
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Poor, acid, well-drained soil.
Conditions Comments: Slow-growing. May become spindly with extremes of moisture and shade.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Birds and mammals eat the berries.
PropagationDescription: Most commonly propagated by softwood cuttings taken in spring. Vaccinium will also root from hardwood cuttings of unbranched shoots of previous season. Seeds may need to be stratified and should be sown on a slightly acid soil mix.
Seed Treatment: Stratify for 60-90 days at 41 degrees. No treatment may give good results.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| UPL || FACU |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CANative Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff