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Vaccinium membranaceum Douglas ex Torr.
Mountain huckleberry, Square-twig blueberry, Thinleaf huckleberry
Synonym(s): Vaccinium coccineum, Vaccinium globulare, Vaccinium membranaceum var. rigidum
USDA Symbol: VAME
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
A spreading shrub, 1 1/2-6 ft. tall, with small oval leaves and single, pale yellowish-pink flowers hanging on short pedicels from leaf axils. The tubular flowers are followed by edible, purple or purplish-red berries.
This is an important and nutritious food source for Black and Grizzly Bears, which consume not only the berries but also other plant parts, as well as deer, Elk, Moose, and Ruffed Grouse.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Purple, Red Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
, WY Canada: BC Native Distribution:
B.C. to n. CA,
e. to MT
& ID; also two occurences in the Black Hills Native Habitat:
Conifer woods on mt. slopes
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist , Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: None
Soil Description: Moist to mesic, acid soil.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Vaccinium species are propagated by seeds, cuttings and rooted suckers of offshoots.
Seed Treatment: Dormancy varies. A 3 month cold-moist stratification may be necessary.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Native Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff