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Valeriana acutiloba Rydb.
Downy-fruit Valerian, Sharpleaf valerian
USDA Symbol: VAAC
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Small, slightly bilaterally symmetrical, white flowers in branched clusters atop a stem with largest leaves at base.
The mostly undivided, basal leaves help distinguish this from other similar species, which have divided leaves. This species is variable, and by some botanists is divided into at least three species: Cordilleran Valerian (V. acutiloba), the most southwesterly, has hairless leaves and stems; Downy-fruit Valerian (V. pubicarpa), more westerly, has hairless leaves but hairy stems; California Valerian (V. californica), also westerly, has hairy leaves and stems. Valeriana comes from the Latin valere (to be strong) and refers to the medicinal qualities of the plants. Extracts were used as a nerve tonic and are said, under certain circumstances, to relax better than opium. Valerian was one of 72 ingredients Mithridates, king of Pontus in the second century b.c., compounded as an antidote to poison, using poisoned slaves as test subjects.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Flower:
Bloom InformationBloom Time: Jun , Jul
, WY Native Distribution:
Southwestern Montana southwest to northern California, southern Sierra Nevada, northern Arizona, and New Mexico. Native Habitat:
Open, rocky slopes in mountains, often near water or snowbanks.
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| FACU || FAC || FACU |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff