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Symphoricarpos occidentalis Hook.
Western snowberry, Wolfberry
USDA Symbol: SYOC
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
A small shrub, to 4 ft. tall, with numerous erect branches arching at the top. Gray-green leaves are opposite and oval shaped with coarse, round teeth. Clusters of non-showy, pink flowers are followed by greenish-white berries, soon discoloring to brown or black. Forms extensive colonies.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Green, Purple Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul
, WY Canada: AB
, SK Native Distribution:
Man. to s.e. B.C., s. to MI,
& n. WA Native Habitat:
Dry, rocky hillsides; sand plains; prairies; open woods
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Dry, infertile gravels to deep, well-drained, prairie loams.
Conditions Comments: Short-lived but vigorous suckering habit can maintain colonies. Used for erosion control.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Songbirds, gamebirds, small mammals and browsers use this plant for food, cover, and nesting sites.
Warning: POISONOUS PARTS: Berries. Low toxicity if eaten. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea. Toxic Principle: Calcium oxalate and possibly saponic glycoside. (Poisonous Plants of N.C.)
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds , Hummingbirds
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Edge of the Woods Native Plant Nursery
- Orefield, PA
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Native Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Record Last Modified: 2009-02-18
Research By: TWC Staff