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Swietenia mahagoni (L.) Jacq.
West Indian mahogany
USDA Symbol: SWMA2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Usually growing to a height of 50 ft., this mahogany has a well-shaped dense crown of compound leaves with 4-8 leaflets. It is nearly evergreen since old leaves are shed suddenly in spring and replaced quickly with new one. Greenish flowers are fairly inconspicuous and are followed by a large, brown pod. Crown large, dense, rounded; trunk buttressed.
This small tree is a native of Florida, the Caribbean, and South America. It has decreased in number over the last several centuries as it has been exploited for its rich hard wood and it has lost considerable habitat to development. Forced to grow in poor habitat conditions, it very often doesnt reach tree-size, growing as a shrub instead.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Notes: The flowers are produced in loose inflorescences, each flower small, with five white to greenish-yellowish petals.
FL Native Distribution:
S. FL Native Habitat:
Coastal hammocks USDA Native Status: L48(N), HI(I), PR(N), VI(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement:
Sun Soil Description:
Well-drained soil. Conditions Comments:
An attractive tree
for roadside and home plantings. Requires almost no attention.
PropagationDescription: Propagation is by seed and is quite easy.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff