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Spartina patens (Aiton) Muhl.
Marsh-hay cord grass, Salt-meadow cord grass, Saltmeadow cordgrass
Poaceae (Grass Family)
Synonym(s): Spartina patens var. juncea, Spartina patens var. monogyna
USDA Symbol: SPPA
Saltmeadow Cordgrass is a member of the grass family (family Poaceae). Grasses are herbs, rarely woody, with cylindrical, jointed flowering stems (culms), hollow between the joints, leaves often mostly basal and tiny flowers aggregated into highly modified clusters. This very important family, consisting of about 525 genera and 5000 species, provides much of the food used by humans, as well as fodder for livestock. Grasses occur throughout the world in almost every habitat, with the greatest diversity of species found in the tropical zone, and the greatest abundance in the temperate regions.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May
, WA Canada: NB
, QC Native Distribution:
Coastal areas from Que. to TX; infrequently inland in saline marshes of e. U.S. Native Habitat:
Saline marshes & sandy meadows near the coast
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Wet, sandy soils.
Conditions Comments: Tolerates salt spray. Often used for beach front stabilization. If grown in a freshwater environment, S. patens will grow much bigger.
PropagationDescription: Not Available
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
Mr. Smarty Plants says
When to plant grasses on Long Island, NY
December 06, 2009
Dear Mr. Smarty Plants;
Are there any grass seeds that I can plant NOW, early December, on Long Island, NY? The planting environment is on and near a sandy bluff on a bayshore, where it can be windy ...
view the full question and answer
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff