Solidago canadensis L.
Canada goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Giant goldenrod
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
USDA Symbol: SOCA6
This handsome species produces showy displays, usually late in the summer. Although it and other Goldenrods are commonly blamed for hay fever, this discomfort is usually caused by pollen from Ragweed (Ambrosia spp.), which are less conspicuous plants with greenish flowers that bloom at the same time. Missouri Goldenrod (Solidago missouriensis) is similar but usually smaller, with smooth stems.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Sep , Oct , Nov
DistributionUSA: AK , AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DE , FL , GA , HI , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: AB , BC , MB , NB , NL , NS , NT , ON , PE , QC , SK
Native Distribution: Across Canada and throughout the United States.
Native Habitat: Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs, Stream banks
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Caliche type, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Showy, Wildflower meadow, Blooms ornamental
Use Wildlife: Nectar-Bees, Nectar-Butterflies
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Honey Bees
Supports Conservation Biological Control
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
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May 16, 2006
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National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Fredericksburg Chapter - Fredericksburg, TX
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
BibliographyBibref 355 - Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest (1991) Miller, G. O.
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Research LiteratureReslit 188 - Evidence of tissue-specific allelopathic activity in Euthamia graminifolia and Solidago canadensis (Asteraceae) (2002) V. M. Butcko and R. J. Jensen
Reslit 186 - Goldenrod: Plants with multipurpose potential (2002) R. L. Burrows
Reslit 102 - Age of maturity and life span in herbaceous, polycarpic perennials (2000) M. H. Bender, J. M. Baskin and C. C. Baskin
Reslit 127 - Observations on late season pollination of Solidago canadensis L.(Asteraceae) in southwest Ohio (1981) W. H. Blackwell and M. J. Powell
Reslit 520 - Response of Solidago canadensis to competition (1988) D. E. Goldberg
Reslit 454 - Phytophagous insects associated with goldenrods (Solidago spp.) in Gainesville, Florida (1994) E. M. G. Fontes, H. Habeck and F. Slansky
Reslit 362 - The relationship between soil seed bank, above-ground vegetation and disturbance intensity on old-field successional permanent plots (2009) M. Dolle and W. Schmidt
Reslit 291 - The strategies of Solidago canadensis L. in relation to urban habitats. III. Conformity to habitat dynamics. (1990) R. Cornelius
Reslit 292 - The strategies of Solidago canadensis L. in relation to urban habitats. I. Resource requirements. (1990) R. Cornelius
Reslit 293 - The strategies of Solidago canadensis L. in relation to urban habitats. II. Competitive ability. (1990) R. Cornelius and A. Faensenthiebes
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Solidago canadensis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Solidago canadensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Solidago canadensis
MetadataRecord Modified: 2010-11-20
Research By: TWC Staff