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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Smilax smallii Morong
Lanceleaf greenbrier, Southern smilax, Jacksonvine, Jacksonbrier
Synonym(s): Smilax domingensis, Smilax lanceolata
USDA Symbol: SMSM
Lance-leaf greenbrier is a high-climbing vine, to about 8 ft. long, with small, light-green, shiny, evergreen leaves. Flat-topped clusters of small, yellowish flowers occur in all leaf axils to the ends of the branches. The subsequent berries remain a dull, brick-red for long periods of time before turning dark reddish-brown at maturity. Stems are mostly spineless and often at right angles to the main stem.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May
, VA Native Distribution:
Coastal Plain from extreme s.e. VA
w. to e. TX,
Zones 7 to 9 Native Habitat:
Sandy, alluvial woods; coastal plains; stream banks
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Drought Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Moist, alluvial, acidic soils.
A glossy, evergreen vine
that can be trained to trellises. Unlike many Smilaxes, it is thornless. Use Wildlife:
Fruits eaten by multiple birds and mammals. Interesting Foliage:
Birds Deer Resistant:
PropagationPropagation Material: Root Division , Seeds , Semi-hardwood Cuttings , Softwood Cuttings
Seed Collection: Mature seeds are brown. Two years are required for seeds to mature.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: Cut back to keep it from forming a dense thicket. Will form large, woody canes, so cut back to ground every three years in the spring if you dont like this.
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
- Picayune, MS
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0744
Collected Apr 15, 1994 in Bexar County by Mike Fox
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1075
Collected 2011-08-18 in Harrison County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-08
Research By: TWC Staff