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Shepherdia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
Russet buffaloberry, Rabbitberry
USDA Symbol: SHCA
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A small, loosely branched shrub of rounded outline, 6-8 ft. high and equally as wide, with thick, leathery, gray-green to russet-green foliage. Small, inconspicuous, yellow flowers are followed by yellowish-red, oval-shaped fruits. The orange-dotted white bark give the branches a rusty appearance. Branches opposite; young twigs brownish, scaly.
Deer and Elk consume the foliage of this shrub, while Grizzly and Black Bears consume the berries.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Red Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May
AK , AZ , CA , CO , ID , IL , IN , ME , MI , MN , MT , ND , NM , NV , NY , OH , OR , PA , SD , UT , VT , WA , WI , WY Canada: AB
, YT Native Distribution:
Nf. to AK, s. to ME, PA, Great Lakes, s. Man., CO Rockies, ID & OR; occurs locally in n. Great Plains Native Habitat:
Moist slopes; wooded, rocky hillsides; conifer openings USDA Native Status: L48(N), AK(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Medium Light Requirement:
Sun , Part Shade , Shade Soil Moisture:
Dry , Moist Soil pH:
Alkaline (pH>7.2) CaCO3 Tolerance:
High Soil Description:
Adaptable, but prefers moist, rocky soils. Conditions Comments:
Tolerates the poorest of soils; does well in dry or alkaline situations. Low maintenance. Extremely cold- and drought-tolerant. For fruit
set both male and female plants are required.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Plant is best propagated by cuttings. Treated seeds will also work.
Seed Collection: Fruits may be collected by stripping or flailing from the branches. Seeds can be separated with a macerator and water.
Seed Treatment: Stratify for 60-90 days at 41 degrees. Acid scarification for 20-30 min. proves beneficial.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Native Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
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Record Modified: 2009-02-18
Research By: TWC Staff