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Schoenoplectus maritimus (L.) Lye
Alkali bulrush, Bayonet grass, Cosmopolitan bulrush, Prairie bulrush, Saltmarsh club-rush
Synonym(s): Bolboschoenus maritimus, Bolboschoenus maritimus ssp. paludosus, Bolboschoenus maritimus var. paludosus, Bolboschoenus paludosus, Scirpus fernaldii, Scirpus maritimus, Scirpus maritimus var. fernaldii, Scirpus maritimus var. paludosus, Scirpus pacificus, Scirpus paludosus, Scirpus paludosus var. atlanticus
USDA Symbol: SCMA8
Saltmarsh club-rush or alkali bulrush is a rhizomatous perennial, 16-40 in. tall. The grass-like leaves have reddish-purple bases. Small, brown, terminal spikes occur in a rounded, compact, terminal cluster. This cluster may be surpassed by additional clusters on short pecuncles. Leafy bracts extend beyond the clusters.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug
, WY Canada: BC
, PE Native Distribution:
Scattered throughout temperate N. America; more common along seacoasts Native Habitat:
Marshes; water body margins; wet, alkali & saline meadows
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Wet, saline or alkaline soil.
Conditions Comments: Plants of w. and c. U.S. often belong to var. paludosus. The more eastern var. maritimus varies only slightly in physical characteristics.
PropagationDescription: Not Available
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff