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Schoenoplectus maritimus (L.) Lye
Alkali bulrush, Bayonet grass, Cosmopolitan bulrush, Prairie bulrush, Saltmarsh club-rush
Synonyms: Scirpus maritimus, Scirpus paludosus, Scirpus maritimus var. paludosus
USDA Symbol: SCMA8
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Saltmarsh club-rush or alkali bulrush is a rhizomatous perennial, 16-40 in. tall. The grass-like leaves have reddish-purple bases. Small, brown, terminal spikes occur in a rounded, compact, terminal cluster. This cluster may be surpassed by additional clusters on short pecuncles. Leafy bracts extend beyond the clusters.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug
AK , AZ , CA , CO , CT , HI , IA , ID , IL , KS , LA , MA , ME , MI , MN , MO , MT , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OK , OR , PA , RI , SD , TX , UT , VA , VT , WA , WY Canada: BC
, PE Native Distribution:
Scattered throughout temperate N. America; more common along seacoasts Native Habitat:
Marshes; water body margins; wet, alkali & saline meadows USDA Native Status: L48(N), AK(N), HI(N), CAN(N),
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Wet, saline or alkaline soil.
Conditions Comments: Plants of w. and c. U.S. often belong to var. paludosus. The more eastern var. maritimus varies only slightly in physical characteristics.
PropagationDescription: Not Available
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff