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NPIN: Native Plant Database

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Scutellaria incana (Hoary skullcap)
Cressler, Alan

Scutellaria incana

Scutellaria incana Biehler

Hoary skullcap, Downy skullcap

Lamiaceae (Mint Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Size Notes: Normally 1.5 to 3.5 feet
Flower: Flowers in 6 inch spikes
Fruit: Dark
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Blue , Purple , Violet
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep


USA: AL , AR , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MI , MO , MS , NC , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WI , WV
Native Distribution: Eastern US as far west as Kansas
Native Habitat: open woods, sandy areas, pinelands, dry bluffs

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: rich, acid soils and sands; dry to moist
Conditions Comments: Can grow at light levels from deep shade to full sun


Use Ornamental: Ideal for shady spots.
Use Wildlife: Deer browse it.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Fragrant Foliage: yes
Deer Resistant: No


Propagation Material: Seeds
Description: Seed and cuttings
Seed Collection: Seed ready in early fall
Commercially Avail: yes

From the National Suppliers Directory

According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:

Edge of the Woods Native Plant Nursery - Orefield, PA
Enchanter's Garden - Hinton, WV
American Native Nursery - Quakertown, PA

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
* Available Online from Wildflower Center Store


Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
* The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Research Literature

Reslit 702 - Mycorrhizal fungi and growth and development of micropropagated Scutellaria integrifolia plants (2007) N. Joshee, S. R. Mentreddy and A. K. Yadav

This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature

Additional resources

USDA: Find Scutellaria incana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Scutellaria incana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Scutellaria incana


Record Modified: 2014-09-18
Research By: TWC Staff

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