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Schoenoplectus californicus (C.A. Mey.) Palla
California bulrush, California club-rush, Giant Bulrush
Synonym(s): Scirpus californicus, Scirpus californicus var. tereticulmis
USDA Symbol: SCCA11
California club-rush or California bulrush is a stout, emergent wetland plant to 6 ft. with dark-green stems and reddish-brown tassels of flowers and fruits. Leaves are reduced to basal sheaths.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf:
Yellow-Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug
, TX Native Distribution: CA
coast and Central Valley; possibly indigenous to Hawaii Native Habitat:
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Standing water or wet, mucky soils.
Conditions Comments: Used in wetland restorations. Bulrush forms a buffer against wind and wave action, thus permitting other aquatic plants to grow in an otherwise unfavorable environment.
BenefitDeer Resistant: High
PropagationDescription: Germinating seed in water at 86-90 degrees in continous high light gives good results.
Seed Collection: Store fresh, undried seeds in water in refrigerator 6 months.
Seed Treatment: See seed storage notes.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: NPC