Schoenoplectus californicus (C.A. Mey.) Palla
California bulrush, California club-rush, Giant Bulrush
Cyperaceae (Sedge Family)
Synonym(s): Scirpus californicus, Scirpus californicus var. tereticulmis
USDA Symbol: SCCA11
California club-rush or California bulrush is a stout, emergent wetland plant to 6 ft. with dark-green stems and reddish-brown tassels of flowers and fruits. Leaves are reduced to basal sheaths.
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Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , AZ , CA , FL , GA , HI , IL , KS , LA , MS , NM , OK , OR , SC , TN , TX
Native Distribution: CA coast and Central Valley; possibly indigenous to Hawaii
Native Habitat: Freshwater marshes
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Standing water or wet, mucky soils.
Conditions Comments: Used in wetland restorations. Bulrush forms a buffer against wind and wave action, thus permitting other aquatic plants to grow in an otherwise unfavorable environment.
BenefitDeer Resistant: High
PropagationDescription: Germinating seed in water at 86-90 degrees in continous high light gives good results.
Seed Collection: Store fresh, undried seeds in water in refrigerator 6 months.
Seed Treatment: See seed storage notes.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
Nueces River Authority - Uvalde, TX
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Schoenoplectus californicus in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Schoenoplectus californicus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Schoenoplectus californicus
MetadataRecord Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: NPC