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Sarcobatus vermiculatus (Hook.) Torr.
Synonym(s): Sarcobatus vermiculatus var. baileyi
USDA Symbol: SAVE4
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
A deciduous, much-branched shrub, 2-8 ft. tall, with spiny, rigid stems. Older branches are gray; the younger are yellowish-white. Leaves are narrow and fleshy. Catkin-like staminate flowers and axillary pistillate flowers are inconspicuous. A winged fruit follows. Perennial shrub, numerous yellowish-white to grayish, rigid branches that are very spiny.
Greasewood often occurs in pure stands on alkaline flats around playas. Its leaves accumulate sodium salts, giving them a salty taste. The Hopi Indians used it for fuel. A seond species, S. baileyi, from Nevada, is recognized by some authors.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
, WY Canada: AB
, SK Native Distribution:
to s.e. CA,
e. to Sask., w. Dakotas, n.w. NE
& w. TX Native Habitat:
Salt desert shrub
communities of valley bottoms & benches
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Saline clay to medium-textured, alkaline soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
PropagationDescription: Not Available
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| FAC || FAC || FACU |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Native Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff