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Salix humilis (Prairie willow) | NPIN
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Salix humilis (Prairie willow)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy

Salix humilis

Prairie willow

Salicaceae (Willow Family)

USDA Symbol: SAHU2

USDA Native Status:

Mounded shrub, 6-12 ft. tall, which often forms thickets. Ascending, wand-like branches are yellowish to brown. Gray-green to blue-green foliage has insignificant fall color. Greenish catkins appear before leaves emerge.

 

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf: Dark Green
Autumn Foliage: yes
Flower:
Fruit: Brown
Size Class: 6-12 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow , Green , Purple , Brown
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May

Distribution

USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , NS , ON , PE , QC
Native Distribution: Nf. to MN & Man., s. to VA, MO & e. KS; local to FL & e. TX
Native Habitat: Alluvial areas; boggy openings in pine woods; low areas in prairies; dry barrens; balds

Growing Conditions

Water Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry , Wet
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Various wet to dry soils.
Conditions Comments: Short-lived and fast-growing. Susceptible to wind damage.

Benefit

Use Wildlife: Early season harvest for birds and mammals.
Attracts: Birds

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees
Supports Conservation Biological Control

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Salix humilis is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Green Comma
(Polygonia faunus)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

Propagation

Description: Willows are among the easiest of all plants to root from cuttings. Stem and root cuttings are used. Propagation is also accomplished by sowing fresh, untreated seed into a moist seedbed.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE

Bibliography

Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Recommended Species Lists

Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.

View Recommended Species page

Additional resources

USDA: Find Salix humilis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Salix humilis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Salix humilis

Metadata

Record Modified: 2008-05-22
Research By: TWC Staff

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