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Rosa californica Cham. & Schltdl.
California rose, California wildrose
Synonym(s): Rosa aldersonii
USDA Symbol: ROca2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
A mounded, 3-6 ft., semi-deciduous shrub with prickly branches; bright-green, pinnate leaves; fragrant, pink flowers and red hips.
The California Rose is a member of the rose family (family Rosaceae), which includes herbs, shrubs, and trees with mostly prickly stems. Besides garden roses and wild roses like this one, the family includes many fruit species, including apples, pears, quinces, cherries, plums, peaches, apricots, loquats, blackberries, raspberries, and strawberries.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Complexity: Pinnate Leaf:
Green Fruit: Size Class:
3-6 ft. , 6-12 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug
, OR Native Distribution:
to Baja through cismontane CA Native Habitat:
A variety of moist sites below 6000 ft.
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
High Light Requirement:
Sun , Part Shade , Shade Soil Moisture:
Wet CaCO3 Tolerance:
None Soil Description:
Moist to mesic soils. Conditions Comments:
Likes shade in the interior; sun at higher elevations or near the coast. Barbed prickles make the shrub
impenetrable. Susceptible to fungal problems.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Provides good wildlife habitat.
Use Food: Edible hips.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Seeds removed from dried hips germinate slowly; outside stratification over a winter helps. Small offsets from the parent root transplant well.
Seed Collection: Hips can be collected as soon as they are ripe. Achenes can then be extracted by macerating the hips in water and recovering the seeds by flotation.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| FAC || FAC |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CANative Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff