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Rosa arkansana var. suffulta (Greene) Cockerell
Prairie rose, Sunshine rose
Synonyms: Rosa suffulta
USDA Symbol: ROARS
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
One of the most common and variable wild roses. Usually a 6-18 in., erect, spreading prickly branched shrub with pinnately compound leaves turning maroon in fall. Large, pink, five-petaled flowers are followed by red hips.
This wild rose is often less woody than other Rosa species, dying back annually to near the ground.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul
AR , CO , DC , IA , IL , IN , KS , MA , MI , MN , MO , MT , ND , NE , NM , NY , OH , OK , SD , TX , WI , WY Native Distribution:
IN to Alt., s. to AR, TX & NM; also NY Native Habitat:
Prairies; bluffs; open woods; thickets; roadsides USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Variable.
Conditions Comments: Susceptible to fungal problems.
Propagated by stem
cuttings or division of rootstock. Softwood cuttings should be taken with a heel and treated with hormone. Rose seeds should be taken from the hips as soon as ripe and planted in the open or stratified before planting. Seed Collection:
Hips can be collected as soon as they are ripe. Achenes can then be extracted by macerating the hips in water and recovering the seeds by flotation. Seed Treatment:
Cold-moist stratification is required to break the dormancy of most rose species. Commercially Avail:
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Record Modified: 2009-04-23
Research By: TWC Staff