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Rosa arkansana var. suffulta
Rosa arkansana Porter var. suffulta (Greene) Cockerell
Prairie rose, Sunshine rose
Synonym(s): Rosa alcea, Rosa conjuncta, Rosa pratincola, Rosa suffulta, Rosa suffulta var. relicta
USDA Symbol: ROARS
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
One of the most common and variable wild roses. Usually a 6-18 in., erect, spreading prickly branched shrub with pinnately compound leaves turning maroon in fall. Large, pink, five-petaled flowers are followed by red hips.
This wild rose is often less woody than other Rosa species, dying back annually to near the ground.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul
, WY Native Distribution: IN
to Alt., s. to AR, TX
& NM; also NY Native Habitat:
Prairies; bluffs; open woods; thickets; roadsides
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Variable.
Conditions Comments: Susceptible to fungal problems.
Propagated by stem
cuttings or division of rootstock. Softwood cuttings should be taken with a heel and treated with hormone. Rose seeds should be taken from the hips as soon as ripe and planted in the open or stratified before planting. Seed Collection:
Hips can be collected as soon as they are ripe. Achenes can then be extracted by macerating the hips in water and recovering the seeds by flotation. Seed Treatment:
Cold-moist stratification is required to break the dormancy of most rose species. Commercially Avail:
Record Last Modified: 2009-04-23
Research By: TWC Staff