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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Rhus integrifolia (Nutt.) W.H. Brewer & S. Watson
Lemonade sumac, Lemonadeberry
USDA Symbol: RHIN2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
A wide-spreading, rounded, evergreen shrub to 8 ft. inland and 2 ft. on the ocean. Leaves are shiny, dark-green, leathery and aromatic. Small, pink flowers occur in dense, hairy clusters and are followed by reddish berries. Evergreen, aromatic, rounded, thicket-forming shrub; rarely a small tree with a short, stout trunk and many branches.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Retention: Evergreen Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Shape: Elliptic Leaf Margin: Denticulate
, Entire Leaf Texture:
Leathery Size Notes:
Size to 10 feet, spreading. Leaf:
Shiny green above, pale below. Flower:
1/2 inch diameter. Size Class:
3-6 ft. , 6-12 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May
DistributionUSA: CA Native Distribution:
to adjacent Mex. Native Habitat:
Ocean bluffs, canyons & dry places below 2500 ft.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Dry soils.
Conditions Comments: This species is often used for erosion control. It is generally disease free and fairly fire proof if given a once/month watering during the summer. Sumac colonies are often single-sexed, formed from a single, suckering parent. Only female plants produce flowers and berries.
Can be sheared. Use Wildlife:
is consumed by roadrunners and many upland gamebirds, songbirds, large and small mammals. Use Food:
As the common name implies, a sour, refreshing drink can be made from the acid fruit. Attracts:
PropagationDescription: Treated seed and root cuttings are used for increase.
Seed Treatment: Scarification in hot water is necessary. For maximum germination, soak in concentrated H2SO4 4-6 hours.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CANative Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Record Last Modified: 2009-02-20
Research By: TWC Staff