Quercus gravesii Sudw.
Chisos red oak, Graves oak, Mountain red oak, Rock oak
Fagaceae (Beech Family)
USDA Symbol: QUGR2
Graves oak is a medium-sized tree to 40 ft. Its bark is dark and furrowed. Glossy, dark-green leaves are deciduous with deep, rounded lobes. The foliage turns scarlet red in fall. Acorns are biennial.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Venation: Pinnate
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Fruit Type: Nut
Size Class: 36-72 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
Native Distribution: Mts. of Trans-Pecos, TX & n. Mex.
Native Habitat: Mountain canyons; arroyos
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Igneous, Rocky, Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitUse Ornamental: Fall conspicuous
Use Wildlife: Leaves browsed by deer. Acorns eaten by turkeys, quail & ground squirrels. Browse, Fruit-mammals, Fruit-birds, Nesting site, Substrate-insectivorous birds, Cover
Interesting Foliage: yes
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
BibliographyBibref 766 - Dale Groom's Texas Gardening Guide (2002) Groom, D.
Bibref 298 - Field Guide to Texas Trees (1999) Simpson, B.J.
Bibref 355 - Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest (1991) Miller, G. O.
Bibref 308 - Lone Star Field Guide to Wildflowers, Trees, and Shrubs of Texas, Revised Edition (2003) Tull, D. & G.O. Miller
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Quercus gravesii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Quercus gravesii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Quercus gravesii
MetadataRecord Modified: 2015-11-06
Research By: TWC Staff