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Quercus chrysolepis Liebm.
Canyon live oak
USDA Symbol: QUCH2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A wide-spreading, evergreen oak, seldom more than 60 ft. in height and often no more than a tallish shrub in dry sites. Branchlets are often pendulous. Oval leaves are toothed or smooth (sometimes both on the same tree), not lobed, and felty-white beneath. Foliage color varies from blue-green to glossy, dark-green. Evergreen tree with short trunk, large, spreading, horizontal branches, and broad, rounded crown; sometimes shrubby. Many consider this to be the most beautiful of the California oaks. The species name, meaning golden-scale, refers to the yellowish acorn cups.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
Bloom Notes: Male flowers in catkins, female flowers borin short spikes.
AZ , CA , NM , NV , OR Native Distribution:
Through cismontane CA to s.w. OR, w. NV & AZ Native Habitat:
Canyons; moist slopes; stream banks USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: None
Soil Description: Various moist to mesic-dry soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitUse Wildlife: Seeds are eaten by squirrels and other small harvesters.
Use Other: The hard, heavy wood was used locally for farm implements and wagon axles and wheels. Another name, Maul Oak, refers to the early use for heads of mauls or wedges for splitting Redwood ties.
Interesting Foliage: yes
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Oaks are most often propagated from seed. No pretreatment is necessary. Plant immediately – outdoors or in deep containers to accomodate long initial taproot. Many oaks require cold temperatures to initiate shoot
development. Protect outdoor beds with Seed Collection:
Best quality acorns are picked or shaken from the tree. Collect when color has changed to brown. Best if sown immediately as acorns lose viability quickly in storage. Short-term storage in moist, shaded saw dust or sand. Acorns to be sown immediately can be soaked in hot water for 15 min. to prevent weevil infestation. Seed Treatment:
Stored seed should be fumigated with methyl bromide. Commercially Avail:
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CANative Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff