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Quercus chapmanii Sarg.
USDA Symbol: QUCH
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Deciduous or semi-evergreen shrub, which grows to 10 feet (3 m), often rhizomatous, or a small tree to 45 feet (13.7 m). Bark grayish-brown with irregular scales. Twigs are grayish-tan to yellowish-tan with patches of fine tomentum, terminal buds are reddish-brown with smooth distal scales. Leaves small smooth petiole 1/8 inch (3 mm) long; leaves are obovate, 1 1/2 - 3 1/2 inches (38 - 89 mm) long and 3/4 - 1 1/2 inches (19 - 38 mm) wide, margins are minutely wavy and many have shallow irregular lobes toward tip of leaf, apex rounded, base cuneate; upper surface is glossy dark green, and light gray or yellow with yellowish pubescence beneath.
Named for Alvan Wenworth Chapman (1809-99), physician and botanist of Apalachicola, Florida, who first distinguished this oak in his Flora of the Southern United States. Chapman oak is abundant along the west coast of Florida from Tampa Bay north to Panama City. The largest known specimen grows in the Ocala National Forest east of Ocala, Florida.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub
, Tree Leaf Retention: Deciduous
, Semi-evergreen Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Shape: Obovate Leaf Venation: Pinnate Leaf Margin:
Lobed , Undulate Leaf Base: Cuneate Breeding System:
, Monoecious Inflorescence: Catkin Fruit Type: Nut Size Notes:
Grows to 10 feet (3 m). Leaf:
Upper surface is glossy dark green, and light gray or yellow with yellowish pubescence beneath. Fruit:
Acorns annual; 1 - 2 acorns on a peduncle
up to 1/2 inch
(13 mm) in length; cup has gray tomentum on scales, covering 1/3 - 1/2 the nut; light brown nut
with a rounded apex,
and may have pubescence. Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
AL , FL , GA , SC Native Distribution:
Extreme S. South Carolina and SE. Georgia to S. and NW. Florida and S. Alabama; near sea level. Native Habitat:
Sandy hills, ridges and coastal dunes; with Sand Pine and evergreen
sandy soils of open pine forest and oak scrublands on sand ridges and coastal dunes in the lower coastal plain near sea level.
USDA Native Status: L48(N)
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Record Modified: 2011-09-25
Research By: TWC Staff