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Quercus arizonica Sarg.
Arizona white oak, Arizona Oak
USDA Symbol: QUAR
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Medium-sized evergreen tree with irregular, spreading crown of stout branches. Arizona white oak is a large semi-evergreen oak up to 55 ft. tall. Its wide spreading branches are set conspicuously at right angles to the trunk, creating an irregular, spreading crown. Oblong leaves are shed in spring. One of the largest southwestern oaks, this handsome tree reaches its greatest size in canyons and other moist sites.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
Bloom Notes: Males catkins yellow-green.
AZ , NM , TX Native Distribution:
Mts. of Trans-Pecos, TX, w. to AZ; also n. Mex. Native Habitat:
Rocky mt. slopes & canyons; 5000 to 7500 ft. USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Rocky and sandy soils. Clay Loam, Clay, Medium Loam, Rocky
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitUse Ornamental: Attractive
Use Wildlife: Provides cover and food for turkeys, deer, javelinas, desert big horn sheep, quail and songbirds. Fruit-birds, Fruit-mammals, Substrate-insectivorous birds, Nesting site, Cover
Use Other: Although a good fuel, the hard wood is difficult to cut and split.
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department
- Austin, TX
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2009-12-10
Research By: TWC Staff