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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Pyrola asarifolia Michx.
Liverleaf wintergreen, Pink pyrola, Pink shinleaf, Pink wintergreen
Pyrolaceae (Wintergreen Family)
USDA Symbol: PYAS
A basal rosette of thick, roundish leaves, with petioles at least as long as the blade, subtends an 8-16 in., leafless flowering stalk. A little woodland plant with shiny, leathery leaves near base and 5-25 pink to reddish-pink flowers hanging in racemes at top. Leaves are leathery, glossy, dark green above and purplish beneath, with wavy edges. The pink, waxy flowers, 1/2 in. broad, hang downward and occur in loose racemes.
Pyrola species are common woodland wildflowers. Sometimes they are leafless, in which case they are saprophytes, absorbing their nutrients from the rich soil humus. All such, regardless of their biological species, were once classified as Leafless Pyrola (P. aphylla), but leafless phases with pink flowers are probably Bog Wintergreen (P. asarifolia).
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
, WY Canada: NB
, PE Native Distribution:
Nf. to AK,
s. to n. New England, c. & w. NY,
n. IN, WI, ND, NM
mts. & CA Native Habitat:
Damp, open, mossy forests & stream banks
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist, rich, calcareous soil.
PropagationDescription: Dust-like seed is difficult to germinate but may produce plants if sown on sphagnum moss.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Native plants to stop pond bank erosion
June 04, 2008
I recently purchased a home with a small pond in which a nearby stream daylights. The former owner placed large field stone around the pond and the small stream; however, the area around the pond and...
view the full question and answer
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff