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Psychotria nervosa Sw.
Seminole balsamo, Wild coffee
Synonym(s): Psychotria lanceolata, Psychotria nervosa var. lanceolata, Psychotria portoricensis, Psychotria undata
USDA Symbol: PSNE
Bright red berries contrast well with the dark green leaves of this evergreen shrub. Seminole balsamo or wild coffee usually grows to 15 ft. and generally has an attractive shape. Leaves are showy because of the wavy, textured look created by conspicuous veins. Inconspicuous flowers and the berries occur in upper leaf axils.
Wild Coffee is a member of the madder family (family Rubiaceae) which includes herbs, shrubs, or trees, with flowers borne in a branched cluster. There are about 500 genera and 6,000 species that occur primarily in tropical regions, where woody representatives are most frequent. Madder (a dye), coffee, and quinine are obtained from the family. Gardenias are popular ornamentals in mild climates.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
DistributionUSA: FL Native Distribution:
S. FL Native Habitat:
Shell ridge hammocks
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Well-drained soil.
Conditions Comments: This versatile plant will grow in full sun but the plant will be more compact and leaves will show yellowing.
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| FAC || FAC |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff