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Prunus minutiflora Engelm.
Dwarf Plum, Texas almond
USDA Symbol: PRMI2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Shrub up to 3 feet tall, often thicket forming, bark gray, new growth on branchlets covered with woolly hairs. Leaves up to 3/4 inch long, firm textured, oblong to elliptic, with margins usually without teeth, a rounded, sometimes pointed, tip, and gradually tapered base. Flowers small, white, on short spurs, appearing in March with the leaves. Fruit spherical, about 1/2 inch long, fleshy but mostly pit, black when ripe. On soils underlain with limestone and on limestone slopes and ledges.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Retention: Deciduous Size Notes:
1-3 Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar
TX Native Habitat: Endemic
to the Edwards Plateau where it is only infrequently found. Soils underlain with limestone or on limestone slopes and ledges. USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Conditions Comments: Could be used as an ornamental or woody ground cover for dry rocky sites. Good wildlife plant. Susceptible to web worm.
Attractive, Aromatic, Showy, Fall conspicuous, Accent tree
or shrub Use Wildlife:
Plums attract birds. Nectar-bees, Fruit-birds, Fruit-mammals Warning:
The seeds of all Prunus species, found inside the fruits, contain poisonous substances and should never be eaten. Sensitivity to a toxin varies with a personís age, weight, physical condition, and individual susceptibility. Children are most vulnerable because of their curiosity and small size. Toxicity can vary in a plant according to season, the plantís different parts, and its stage of growth; and plants can absorb toxic substances, such as herbicides, pesticides, and pollutants from the water, air, and soil. Conspicuous Flowers:
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Record Modified: 2007-12-13
Research By: NPC