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Polytaenia texana (Texas prairie parsley)
Lynn, Janice

Polytaenia texana

Polytaenia texana (J.M. Coult. & Rose) Mathias & Constance

Texas prairie parsley, Texas-Parsley

Apiaceae (Carrot Family)

Synonym(s): Pleiotaenia nuttallii var. texana, Polytaenia nuttallii var. texana

USDA Symbol: POTE3

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


Plant Characteristics

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun



Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Conditions Comments: Found in dry, rocky soils of prairies and open woodlands. Leaves look similar to giant parsley leaves. It is an important nectar plant for the Black land Prairie regions.


Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Attracts: Butterflies
Larval Host: Black Swallowtail
Deer Resistant: Moderate

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Polytaenia texana is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Black Swallowtail
(Papilio polyxenes)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:

Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX

Wildflower Center Seed Bank

LBJWC-505 Collected 2007-06-18 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center


Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Polytaenia texana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Polytaenia texana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Polytaenia texana


Record Last Modified: 2012-08-20
Research By: TWC Staff

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