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Vick, Albert F. W.
Polygala sanguinea L.
Synonym(s): Polygala viridescens
USDA Symbol: POSA3
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Tiny, pink to rose or greenish flowers in a dense, cylindrical, head-like cluster, with floral bracts beneath the flowers that persist on stem when flowers fall. Underground root gives off wintergreen odor when crushed.
A least a dozen species of Milkworts occur with pink or white flowers. A somewhat similar pink-flowering species, Racemed Milkwort (P. polygama), is a perennial with a looser floral cluster. It also produces a different kind of flower, one that does not open, on whitish, subterranean, horizontal branches. The white-flowering Seneca Snakeroot (P. senega), has an elongated cluster of tiny, white flowers and lanceolate to ovate leaves. These species are typical of dry, often sandy, or rocky woods.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual Habit: Herb Fruit:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
, WV Canada: NB
, QC Native Distribution:
Ontario to Nova Scotia; south through New England to South Carolina; west to Tennessee and Louisiana; north to Oklahoma and Minnesota. Native Habitat:
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2010-05-28
Research By: TWC Staff