En EspaŅol
Platanthera leucophaea (Prairie white fringed orchid) | NPIN

NPIN: Native Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Search native plant database:
See a list of all Plants

Platanthera leucophaea (Prairie white fringed orchid)
Sherman, Doug

Platanthera leucophaea

Platanthera leucophaea (Nutt.) Lindl.

Prairie white fringed orchid, Eastern prairie fringed orchid, White prairie fringed orchid

Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)

Synonym(s): Blephariglotis leucophaea, Habenaria leucophaea

USDA Symbol: PLLE2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

Platanthera leucophaea is a white Platanthera with a 3-parted, deeply fringed lip petal.

Originally found in moist tallgrass prairie, sedge meadows, and bogs/fens from southern Ontario southwest to Oklahoma and southeast to Virginia, this orchid is now listed as threatened in the US and an endangered species by Canadas Species at Risk Act. Due to habitat loss, its populations are now scattered.


Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White


USA: IA , IL , IN , ME , MI , MO , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , VA , WI
Canada: MB , ON
Native Habitat: Bog/Fen

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil pH: Alkaline (pH>7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: High


Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Web Reference

Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2008) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 12 - Great Lakes Ecological Assessment: Threatened, Endangered, or Sensitive Species (2012) USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Recommended Species Lists

Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.

View Recommended Species page

Additional resources

USDA: Find Platanthera leucophaea in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Platanthera leucophaea in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Platanthera leucophaea


Record Modified: 2012-10-11
Research By: TWC Staff

Go back

© 2014 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center