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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
Planertree, Water elm
USDA Symbol: PLAQ
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Planertree or water elm is a small, deciduous tree, often with sprouts near the base. Its spreading branches form a low, broad crown to 40 ft. in height. Reddish-brown, scaly, flaky bark covers the short trunk. Dull-green leaves are asymmetrically elm-like.
This distinctive and uncommon small tree is the only species of its genus; however, fossil relatives have been found in Eurasia. Dedicated to Johann Jakob Planer (1743-89), German botanist and professor of medicine.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf:
Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
, TX Native Distribution:
Coastal Plain from s.e. NC
& n. FL
to e. TX; n. in Mississippi Valley to s. IL Native Habitat:
Swampy areas; alluvial floodplains; river banks
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Sandy or gravelly, moist, seasonally wet soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2008-04-01
Research By: TWC Staff