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Pinus strobus L.
Eastern white pine, Weymouth pine
Synonym(s): Strobus strobus
USDA Symbol: PIST
Eastern white pine is a stately canopy tree, 75-100 ft. tall; sometimes much taller. Gracefully plume-like in outline, white pine is very distinctive when compared to other conifers. Its branches are horizontal and tiered. Tufts of light- to bluish-green needles are borne in feathery clusters of five only toward the ends of the twigs. Cones are 6-8 in. long. The largest northeastern conifer, a magnificent evergreen tree with straight trunk and crown of horizontal branches, 1 row added a year, becoming broad and irregular.
The largest conifer and formerly the most valuable tree of the Northeast, Eastern White Pine is used for construction, millwork, trim, and pulpwood. Younger trees and plantations have replaced the once seemingly inexhaustible lumber supply of virgin forests. The tall straight trunks were prized for ship masts in the colonial period. It is the state tree of Maine, the Pine Tree State; the pine cone and tassel are the states floral emblem. The seeds were introduced in England (where it is called Weymouth Pine) from Maine in 1605 by Captain George Weymouth of the British Navy.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Pink , Yellow , Green , Brown
Bloom Time: Apr , May
, WV Canada: NB
, QC Native Distribution:
Nf. to Man., s. to PA,
& n.e. IA; mts. to GA; local in w. KY,
& DE Native Habitat:
Upland, mesic sand or loam sites; north slopes; rocky stream banks
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: None
Soil Description: Fertile, moist, well-drained soils.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Attracts birds and mammals for food and shelter.
Use Other: White pine has been used in construction, interior and exterior finishing, furniture, cabinets and carvings. (Kershaw)
PropagationDescription: Sow stratified seed outside in fall. It will be several years before the seedlings show any rapid growth.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Stratify seed for 60 days.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
United States Botanic Garden
- Washington, DCMt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2013-06-27
Research By: TWC Staff