Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.
Search native plant database:
Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carrière
USDA Symbol: PISI
The worlds largest spruce, with tall, straight trunk, from buttressed base, and broad, open, conical crown of horizontal branches. Sitka spruce is a 50-100 ft. tree wide spreading, rigidly branched and drooping branchlets. Bark is scaly and dark red-brown. Needles are green on the lower surface, white above.
The main timber tree in Alaska, Sitka Spruce produces high-grade lumber for many uses and wood pulp for newsprint. Special products are piano sounding boards, boats, and food containers. It was formerly used in aircraft construction.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf:
Brown Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May
, WA Canada: BC Native Distribution:
Pacific Coast region from s. AK
through w. B.C. to n.w. CA Native Habitat:
Moist to swampy coastal areas
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Moist to wet soils.
Conditions Comments: Susceptible, especially in the Pacific Northwest, to defoliation by red spider and to malformation by spruce gall.
PropagationDescription: Sitka spruce is propagated from seed which is slow to germinate. Cuttings root in low percentages.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: No treatment is necessary, but seeds may benefit from 1-3 month stratification.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| FACU || FAC || FAC |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CA
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff