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Pinus pungens Lamb.
Table Mountain pine, Hickory pine, Prickly pine
USDA Symbol: PIPU5
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A 40-60 ft. pine, the bold branching pattern resembling a giant bonsai. Short, dark-green needles are in bundles of 2-3. Large cones remain on the limbs for several years. Tree with rounded or irregular crown of stout, horizontal branches and abundant spiny cones in clusters along branches.
Easily seen at Shenandoah and Great Smoky Mountains National Parks, this tree of mountain ridges is the only pine restricted to the Appalachian Mountains. Called Hickory Pine because of the very tough hickorylike branches.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Shape:
Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr
DC , DE , GA , MD , NC , NJ , PA , SC , TN , VA , WV Native Distribution:
Mts. from PA, to n.e. GA; also local in NJ Native Habitat:
Dry, rocky mountain slopes & ridges USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Dry, rocky soil.
Conditions Comments: Extremely drought-tolerant. Slow-growing.
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Record Modified: 2009-06-03
Research By: TWC Staff