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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Pinguicula pumila Michx.
Bog violet, Dwarf butterwort, Small butterwort
USDA Symbol: PIPU4
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Small butterwort grows 6–8 inches tall above a basal rosette of broad, succulent leaves. The few leaves form a rosette at the base of the plant and have a sticky surface that captures small insects. The margin of the leaf rolls inward over the insect until it is digested. There is 1 flower, whitish or pale violet, about 3/4 inch across, funnel-shaped, somewhat 2-lipped, with 5 petal-like lobes and a spur at the base, like a larkspur.
All Pinguicula spp. bear short glandular hairs, and clammy leaves designed to trap small insects.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual Habit: Herb Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Violet
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
AL , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , OK , SC , TX Native Distribution:
Coastal plain from s.e. NC to s.e. TX Native Habitat:
Moist, sandy pinelands and savannas USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist, acid, poor nutritive soils.
Conditions Comments: Prefers moist, damp areas.
BenefitInteresting Foliage: yes
PropagationDescription: Sow butterwort seeds as soon as mature on damp, long-fiber sphagnum. Keep moist is partial sunlight for germination in 90 days.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
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Record Modified: 2007-08-24
Research By: TWC Staff