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Pinus leiophylla Schiede & Deppe
Chihuahua Pine, Chihuahuan pine
USDA Symbol: PILE
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Pine with trunk bearing short, leafy twigs, very thick bark, and thin, open, spreading crown of upturned branches.
Unlike most pines, this species often produces new shoots or sprouts from cut stumps. The cones mature in 3 growing seasons, instead of the usual 2; cones in 3 stages of development, as well as many old, open cones, are usually present. Trees native to the United States and others in northwestern Mexico are placed in a separate variety (var. chihuahuana [Engelm.] Shaw), characterized by 3 stout needles in a bundle. The typical variety (var. leiophylla), of wider distribution in Mexico, has 5 slender needles in a bundle.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Shape:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Not Applicable
, NM Native Distribution:
SW. New Mexico, E. central and SE. Arizona and Mexico; at 5000-7800 (1524-2377 m). Native Habitat:
Rocky ridges and slopes of mountains; with Arizona Pine and Apache Pine.
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff